Transport has become a dominant sector in Africa with issues of road safety, traffic congestion, urban air pollution, road maintenance, accessibility and mobility problems being key challenges for the 2lst century. Rural to urban migration has contributed to a rapid expansion of cities, increasing levels of poverty and the proliferation of slums. These factors have resulted in a widening gap between urban transport supply and demand. There has been a rise in the number of motor vehicles, which has resulted in traffic congestion, air and noise pollution and death and injury due to road accidents. Inadequate public transport and limited shared road space for pedestrians have contributed to a poor quality of life for the most vulnerable in African society. In terms of transportation technology and policy, Africa lags behind developed countries.